In situ DOX-calcium phosphate mineralized CPT-amphiphilic gelatin nanoparticle for intracellular controlled sequential release of multiple drugs

Wei Ming Li, Chia Wei Su, Yu Wei Chen, San-Yuan Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

A co-delivery strategy has been developed to achieve the synergistic effect of a hydrophobic drug (camptothecin, CPT) and a hydrophilic drug (doxorubicin, DOX) by utilizing the unique structure of amphiphilic gelatin/camptothecin @calcium phosphate-doxorubicin (AG/CPT@CaP-DOX) nanoparticles as a carriers in order to replace double emulsions while preserving the advantages of inorganic materials. The hydrophobic agent (CPT) was encapsulated via emulsion with an amphiphilic gelatin core, and subsequently mineralized by CaP-hydrophilic drug (DOX) through precipitation to form a CaP shell on the CPT-AG amphiphilic gelatin core so that drug molecules with different characteristics (i.e. hydrophobic and hydrophilic) can be encapsulated in different regions to avoid their interaction. The existence of the CaP shell can protect the DOX against free release and cause an increased transfer of DOX across membranes, overcoming multidrug resistance. Release studies from core-shell carriers showed the possibility of achieving sequential release of more than one type of drug by controlling the pH-sensitive CaP shell and degradable AG core. The highly pH-responsive behavior of the carrier can modulate the dual-drug-release of DOX/CPT, specifically in acidic intracellular pH environments. The AG/CPT@CaP-DOX nanoparticles also exhibited higher drug efficiencies against MCF-7/ADR cells than MCF-7 cells, thanks to a synergistic cell cycle arrest/apoptosis-inducing effect between CPT and DOX. As such, this core-shell system can serve as a general platform for the localized, controlled, sequential delivery of multiple drugs to treat several diseases, especially for multidrug-resistant cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-199
Number of pages9
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2015

Keywords

  • Amphiphilic gelatin
  • Calcium phosphate
  • Drug release
  • Multidrug resistance
  • pH-sensitivity

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