This study investigates the effects of surfactant and segregation from InAs surface quantum dots (SQDs) by incorporating antimony (Sb) into the QD layers. The Sb surfactant effect extends planar growth and suppresses dot formation. Incorporating Sb can reduce the density of SQDs by more than two orders of magnitude. Photoluminescence (PL) reveals enhancement in the optical properties of InAs SQDs as the Sb beam equivalent pressure (BEP) increases. This improvement is caused by the segregation of Sb on the surface of SQDs, which reduces non-radiative recombination and suppresses carrier loss. The dark line at the SQDs surface in the transmission electron microscopic image suggests that the incorporated Sb probably segregates close to the surface of the SQDs. These results indicate a marked Sb segregation effect that can be exploited to improve the surface-sensitive properties of SQDs for biological sensing.
- Surface quantum dot