In consideration of the advantages of light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs), it is desired to develop the saturated blue LECs for LEC display, which is hindered by the features of broad emission spectrum and emission peak not short enough. In this study, we demonstrated a novel method to improve blue saturation of the sky-blue LECs by engineering its emission spectrum through the plasmonic filters. These plasmonic filters composed of randomly distributed silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) can absorb the green and red emission tail of the sky-blue LECs due to localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR). The LSPR wavelengths of Ag-NPs are tuned by manipulating the effective refractive index of materials around Ag-NPs through the accurate control of the TiO2 thickness using atomic layer deposition technique. By integrating with the plasmonic filters, the CIE1931 coordinate of the blue LECs can approach to (0.14, 0.22), which is comparable to or even better than the reported bluest values of blue LECs. Combination with the green and red LECs, the color gamut increases from 34% (without filters) to 54% of National Television System Committee (NTSC) color gamut, corresponding to 1.6 times enhancement. In addition, the blue LECs integrated with plasmonic filters still have better efficiency than those of the reported bluest LECs.
- Color saturation
- Light-emitting electrochemical cells