Improvements of transparent electrode materials for GaN metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors

Dong Sing Wuu*, Shun Chen Hsu, Ray-Hua Horng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM) photodetectors based on GaN grown on (0 0 0 1) sapphire were fabricated and characterized. The responsivity of the Pt/GaN MSM device is low due to the blocking of incoming light by Pt electrodes. Although this problem can be partly solved by the transparent indium-tin oxide (ITO) contact, the range of operation voltage for ITO/GaN MSM devices is limited by the internal gain. Transparent multilayered electrode is proposed in this work by incorporating various intermediate layers (Ti, TiO2, and Ti/TiO2). The dark current of the ITO/TiO2/GaN contact is two orders of magnitude lowerthan that of the ITO/Ti/GaN contact. The thin TiO2 barrier also contributes the lower responsivity of the ITO/TiO2/GaN structure. By introducing a thin Ti/TiO2 interlayer at the ITO-GaN interface, a significant decrease in the dark current and an increase in responsivity can be achieved simultaneously. The photo-to-clark current contrast can reach 6 × 105, and the responsivity shows no discernible internal gain under a bias between 2.5 and 7.5V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)793-796
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2004

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