Root cause for the anomalous degradation in the ON-current of film-profile-engineered ZnO thin-film transistors with discrete bottom gates, a new scheme proposed in our previous work, is investigated. Our findings indicate that the deposited source/drain (S/D) metal contact pads are disconnected owing to two TiN wires hung over the S/D regions, which are unintentionally formed during the fabrication of devices. The disconnected S/D metal contacts cause an increase in the S/D series resistance, and thus, the ON-current is degraded. Several ways for addressing this issue are proposed in this letter, including the simple thinning of gate electrode. As the undesirable TiN wires are eliminated, the devices demonstrate enhanced field-effect mobility and uniformity in performance.
- film profile engineering (FPE)
- Metal oxides
- thin-film transistor