Image-based procedure for biostructure modeling

P Yang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

For high-resolution medical images, an image-based procedure is developed in strong form to perform microstructure analysis. Consider heterogeneous biomaterials such as bone tissue with porous composition-the associated microscopic cell problems and homogenized mechanical properties have been derived through the asymptotic homogenization to correlate the hierarchy in the macroscale and microscale. Nevertheless, for bioimages with highly irregular geometry, the process of model reconstruction by the traditional mesh-based methods unavoidably encounters issues such as mesh dependency and mesh distortion. Upon using the level set technique for model reconstruction, images of biological tissue showing complex topology can be identified and segmented into different phases effectively, such as the solid skeleton and pores in bone materials. In particular, the employment of the strong form collocation method takes advantage of point discretization and constitutes a seamlessly computational framework for solving level set equations and microscopic cell problems. The application to microstructure modeling of trabecular bone was demonstrated. The extension of the image-based biomaterial modeling includes prediction of bone fracture, bone remodeling process, and design of bone-implant systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberB4013001
JournalJournal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2014

Keywords

  • Bone mechanics
  • Gradient reproducing kernel collocation method
  • Homogenization
  • Image-based microstructure modeling

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