Identification of deformation and failure characteristics in cataclinal slopes using physical modeling

Chia Ming Lo, Meng Chia Weng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigates the deformation characteristics of cataclinal slopes in central Taiwan prior to landslide failure. Field surveys and physical model tests were performed to explain the gravitational deformation characteristics of cataclinal slopes under various conditions and to derive the deformation process and failure characteristics. The results show that the distribution of erosion gullies (different length of the slope mass), the extent of erosion (different thickness of the slope mass), the foliation dip angle, and the geological material critically affect the deformation of cataclinal slope masses in the study area. The results of physical model tests indicate that increasing the foliation dip angle, the thickness and the length of sliding mass, particle size (spacing between foliations) increases the depth of slope deformation. Foliation dip angle is the most critical factor that controls the deformation of slate slopes. When the cataclinal slopes reached maximum deformation, a shear failure and translational slide occurred within a short period. The deformation zone exhibited significant cracking at the scarp and the bulging of the slope toe, which facilitated the infiltration of surface water and groundwater, accelerating the deformation to failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-515
Number of pages17
JournalLandslides
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2017

Keywords

  • Cataclinal slope
  • Deformation process
  • Failure characteristics
  • Physical model

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Identification of deformation and failure characteristics in cataclinal slopes using physical modeling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this