Identification of a Mouse Thiamine Transporter Gene as a Direct Transcriptional Target for p53

Pang Kuo Lo, Jeou Yuan Chen, Pi Pei Tang, Jiayuh Lin, Chi Hung Lin, Li Ting Su, Chia Hui Wu, Tse Ling Chen, Yin Yang, Fung Fang Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


p53 tumor suppressor is a transcription factor that functions, in part, through many of its downstream target genes. We have identified a p53-inducible gene by performing mRNA differential display on IW32 murine erythroleukemia cells containing a temperature-sensitive p53 mutant allele, tsp53 Val-135. Sequence analysis of the full-length cDNA revealed its identity as the mouse homologue of the human thiamine transporter 1 (THTR-1). Induction of the mouse THTR-1 (mTHTR-1) mRNA was detectable as early as 1 h at 32.5 °C; upon shifting back to 38.5 °C, mTHTR-1 transcript was rapidly degraded with a half-life of less than 2 h. Elevation of mTHTR-1 expression was found in DNA damage-induced normal mouse embryonic fibroblast cells, but not in p53-/- mouse embryonic fibroblast cells, suggesting that mTHTR-1 induction was p53-dependent. A region within the first intron of the mTHTR-1 gene bound to p53 and conferred the p53-mediated transactivation. Furthermore, increased thiamine transporter activities were found in cells overexpressing mTHTR-1 and under conditions of DNA damage or p53 activation. Our findings indicate that p53 may be involved in maintaining thiamine homeostasis through transactivation of THTR-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37186-37193
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number40
StatePublished - 5 Oct 2001

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