Hydrothermal synthesis, characterizations and photoluminescence study of single crystalline hexagonal ZnO nanorods with three dimensional flowerlike microstructures

Rohidas B. Kale*, Yung-Jung Hsu, Yi Feng Lin, Shih Yuan Lu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

A simple, low-cost, and environmentally benign hydrothermal approach has been successfully developed to synthesize uniform, large-scale well-crystallized ZnO nanorods with different aspect ratios that were united together to form three dimensional (3D) flowerlike structures. The method involved direct growth of ZnO 3D microstructures using aqueous solution of Zn(CH3COO) 2 as the precursor and NaOH to adjust the pH of resultant solution. Surfactants or templates were not used during the entire synthetic process. Moreover, the morphology evolution of the ZnO nanorods with reaction time suggests a recrystallization-dissolution-growth mechanism that continuously takes place for prolonged interval of time. The XRD pattern of the as-grown ZnO nanorods and relevant analyses confirm the well crystallized hexagonal structure of the ZnO microstructures and no evidence of any other impurity phases. SEM observations reveal that the ZnO product grew in the form of nanorods that were united together to form 3D flowerlike morphology. The high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) shows that the ZnO nanorods were single crystalline and grew along the c-axis of the crystal plane. PL measurements of the as-synthesized nanorods exhibit excellent excitation features and strong band-edge UV luminescence even at room temperature. The uniform single crystalline, defect free, and high aspect ratio nanorods may find promising applications in optoelectronics and photo-catalysts. The growth habit of ZnO crystal is also illustrated. This method is suitable for large-scale production of ZnO microstructures and could be extended for syntheses of other metal oxides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-252
Number of pages14
JournalSuperlattices and Microstructures
Volume69
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Hydrothermal method
  • Metal oxide
  • Optical properties
  • Scanning electron microscope
  • X-ray diffraction

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