Hole Effective Masses as a Booster of Self-Consistent Six-Band k . p Simulation in Inversion Layers of pMOSFETs

Ming-Jer Chen, Chien-Chih Lee, Kuan-Hao Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Self-consistently solving the Schrodinger and Poisson's equations in the six-band k . p context can yield the valence-band structure in the inversion layers of pMOSFETs. In this numerically demanding process, the central processing unit (CPU) time is extraordinarily long. To overcome the hurdle, we construct a novel computational accelerator to intrinsically boost a self-consistent six-band k . p simulation. This accelerator comprises a triangular-potential-based six-band k . p simulator, a hole effective mass approximation (EMA) technique, and an electron analogy version of the self-consistent Schrodinger and Poisson's equations solver. The outcome of the accelerator furnishes the initial solution of the confining electrostatic potential and is likely close to the realistic one, which is valid for different temperatures, substrate doping concentrations, inversion hole densities, and surface orientations. The results on (001) and (110) substrates are supported by those published in the literature. The overall CPU time is reduced down to around 8% of that without the accelerator. This is the first successful demonstration of the EMA in the self-consistent hole subband structure calculation. The application of the proposed accelerator to more general situations is projected as well.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-937
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
StatePublished - Apr 2011


  • Effective mass; hole; model; metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs); Schrodinger and Poisson's equations; simulation; two-dimensional hole gas (2DHG); valence-band structure

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