Histone Demethylase RBP2 Promotes Lung Tumorigenesis and Cancer Metastasis

Yu-Ching Teng, Cheng-Feng Lee, Ying Shiuan Li, Yi-Ren Chen, Pei-Wen Hsiao, Meng-Yu Chan, Feng Mao Lin, Hsien-Da Huang, Yen-Ting Chen, Yung-Ming Jeng, Chih Hung Hsu, Qin Yan, Ming Daw Tsai, Li Jung Juan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

The retinoblastoma binding protein RBP2 (KDM5A) is a histone demethylase that promotes gastric cancer cell growth and is enriched in drug-resistant lung cancer cells. In tumor-prone mice lacking the tumor suppressor gene RB or MEN1, genetic ablation of RBP2 can suppress tumor initiation, but the pathogenic breadth and mechanistic aspects of this effect relative to human tumors have not been defined. Here, we approached this question in the context of lung cancer. RBP2 was overexpressed in human lung cancer tissues where its depletion impaired cell proliferation, motility, migration, invasion, and metastasis. RBP2 oncogenicity relied on its demethylase and DNA-binding activities. RBP2 upregulated expression of cyclins D1 and E1 while suppressing the expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 (CDKN1B), each contributing to RBP2-mediated cell proliferation. Expression microarray analyses revealed that RBP2 promoted expression of integrin-beta 1 (ITGB1), which is implicated in lung cancer metastasis. Mechanistic investigations established that RBP2 bound directly to the p27, cyclin D1, and ITGB1 promoters and that exogenous expression of cyclin D1, cyclin E1, or ITGB1 was sufficient to rescue proliferation or migration/invasion, respectively. Taken together, our results establish an oncogenic role for RBP2 in lung tumorigenesis and progression and uncover novel RBP2 targets mediating this role. (C)2013 AACR.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4711-4721
Number of pages11
JournalCancer Research
Volume73
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2013

Keywords

  • MODIFICATIONS PREDICT PROGNOSIS; ACTIVATED PROTEIN-KINASE; TRANSCRIPTIONAL REPRESSION; H3K4 DEMETHYLASE; BREAST-CANCER; BINDING-PROTEIN; CELL INVASION; EXPRESSION; DIFFERENTIATION; GENE

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