Highly substituted poly(2,3-diphenyl-1, 4-phenylenevinylene) derivatives having bulky phenyl and fluorenyl pendant groups: Synthesis, characterization, and electro-optical properties

Sheng-Hsiung Yang, Hsing Chuan Li, Chien Kai Chen, Chain-Shu Hsu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two series of poly(2,3-diphenyl-1,4-phenylenevinylene) (DP-PPV) derivatives containing multiple bulky substituents were synthesized. In the first series, two different groups were incorporated on C-5,6 positions of the phenylene moiety to increase steric hindrance and to obtain blue-shifted emissions. In the second series, bulky fluorenyl groups with two hexyl chains on the C-9 position were introduced on two phenyl pendants to increase the solubility as well as steric hindrance to prevent close packing of the main chain. Polymers with high molecular weights and fine-tuned electro-optical properties were obtained by controlling the feed ratio of different monomers during polymerization. The maximum photoluminescent emissions of the thin films are located between 384 and 541 nm. Cyclic voltammetric analysis reveals that the band gaps of these light-emitting materials are in the range from 2.4 to 3.3 eV. A double-layer EL device with the configuration of ITO/PEDOT/P4/Ca/Al emitted pure green light with CIE′1931 at (0.24, 0.5). Using copolymer P6 as the emissive layer, the maximum luminescence and current efficiency were both improved when compared with the homopolymer P4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6738-6749
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume44
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2006

Keywords

  • Conjugated polymers
  • Fluorescence
  • Light-emitting diodes

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