Muscovite mica is expected to show great potential in flexible optoelectronics due to its superb temperature tolerance, high transmittance, chemical stability, and mechanical durability. This flexible substrate produces sputtered transparent conducting electrodes (TCEs) with excellent film quality with high transmittance and conductivity. In this study, a designed composite TCE consisting of aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) and indium tin oxide (ITO) is proposed to simultaneously maximize flexibility and conductivity. Blue-, green-, and red-emitting flexible organic light-emitting diodes (FOLEDs) using composite TCEs on mica exhibited satisfactory performance with maximum respective electroluminescence efficiencies of 18.1% (38.7 cd/A), 18.7% (66.2 cd/A), and 13.3% (22.2 cd/A). Furthermore, the green-emitting FOLEDs were modified to construct tandem FOLEDs, giving a higher peak efficiency of 27.9% (93.3 cd/A) and saturated green emission. These results can serve as a useful reference for future work on composite TCEs on mica for FOLEDs in display and lighting applications.
- Aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO)
- Indium tin oxide (ITO)
- Muscovite mica
- Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs)