High-performance polymer light-emitting diodes doped with a red phosphorescent iridium complex

Fang-Chung Chen*, Yang Yang, Mark E. Thompson, Junji Kido

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

245 Scopus citations


High efficiency has been achieved in polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) exhibiting red emission by doping a fluorescence host material, poly(vinylcarbazole) (PVK), with an iridium(III) complex, bis[2-(2 -benzothienyl)-pyridinato-N,C3′] iridium(acetylacetonate) (BtpIr). The electroluminescence spectrum has a maximum wavelength of 614 nm. The highest external quantum efficiency is 3.3%. Due to its short triplet excited lifetime (∼5 μs), the quenching of the triplet exciton in BtpIr-doped PVK PLEDs has been shown to be suppressed compared to platinum(II)-2,8,12,17-tetraethyl- 3,7,13,18-tetramethylporphyrin-doped PVK PLEDs. 65% of the peak efficiency can be sustained at high-current density and at the very high brightness of 1350 cd/m2. We suggest that both triplet-triplet annihilation and polaron-triplet annihilation involves exciton quenching.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2308-2310
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number13
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2002

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