We investigated the influence of free-standing GaN (FS-GaN) substrates on the performance of ultraviolet light-emitting-diodes (UV-LEDs) grown on top by atmospheric pressure metal-organic chemical vapor deposition. High-resolution double-crystal x-ray diffraction (HRDCXD) analysis demonstrated high-order satellite peaks and clear fringes between them for UV-LEDs grown on the FS-GaN substrate, from which the interface roughness was estimated. In addition, the full width at half maximum of the HRDCXD rocking curve in the (0002) and the (101̄2) reflections were reduced to below 90 arc sec. The Raman results indicated that the GaN-based epilayer of strain free was grown. Additionally, the effect of the FS-GaN substrate on the crystal quality of the UV-LEDs was examined in detail by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The TEM characterizations revealed no defects and V-pits were found in the scanned area. Based on the results mentioned above, the light output power of UV-LEDs on the FS-GaN substrate can be enhanced drastically by 80% and 90% at 20 and 100 mA, respectively. Furthermore, an ultralow efficiency degradation of about 3% can be obtained for the UV-LEDs on the FS-GaN substrate at a high injection current. The use of an FS-GaN substrate is suggested to be effective for improving the emission efficiency and droop of UV-LEDs grown thereon.
- atmospheric pressure metal-organic chemical vapor deposition
- efficiency droop
- free-standing GaN substrate
- high-resolution double crystal x-ray diffraction
- light output power
- transmission electron microscopy
- ultraviolet light-emitting-diodes