High-field terahertz response of graphene

M. J. Paul, You-Chia Chang, Z. J. Thompson, A. Stickel, J. Wardini, H. Choi, E. D. Minot, T. B. Norris*, Yun Shik Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


We investigate the response of multi-layer epitaxial graphene and chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-grown single-layer graphene to strong terahertz (THz) fields. Contrary to theoretical predictions of strong nonlinear response, the transmitted fields exhibit no harmonic generation, indicating that the nonlinear response is limited by fast electron thermalization due to carrier-carrier scattering. The fast electron heating gives rise to large THz transmission enhancement (> 15%) in single-layer CVD graphene at high THz fields (E THz > 10 kV cm-1). The nonlinear effects exhibit non-Drude behavior in the THz conductivity, where THz fields induce extreme non-equilibrium electron distributions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number085019
JournalNew Journal of Physics
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2013

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