High energy density asymmetric pseudocapacitors fabricated by graphene/carbon nanotube/MnO2 plus carbon nanotubes nanocomposites electrode

Chung Jung Hung, Pang Lin, Tseung-Yuen Tseng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Novel graphene/carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/manganese oxide (MnO2) nanocomposites plus CNTs (GMC + C) and graphene/CNTs hybrid (GC) thin-film electrodes are prepared by electrophoretic deposition (EPD). These nanocomposite electrodes exhibit high surface area and interconnected pore networks. The GMC + C nanocomposite electrode shows excellent specific capacitance of 964 F g -1 at 1 A g-1, rate capability with the residual capacitance of 529 F g-1 at 500 mV s-1, and fast Na + diffusion with intercalation value of 6.34 × 10-7 cm2 s-1, and deintercalation value of 8.86 × 10 -7 cm2 s-1. Such excellent pseudocapacitive performances are attributed to low ion/electron transport resistances and short ion/electron diffusion lengths. Furthermore, novel aqueous electrolyte-based asymmetric pseudocapacitor having 1.8 V cell voltage is successfully fabricated using GMC + C nanocomposite as a cathode and GC nanocomposite as an anode. The optimized asymmetric pseudocapacitor possesses superior performance with a maximum energy density of record high 304 Wh kg-1 and retaining 56.2% of its initial specific energy density at the power density up to 242 kW kg-1. In addition, the asymmetric cell configuration also shows excellent cycling stability with 89% specific capacitance maintained after 10,000 cycles. These results suggest that our designed asymmetric pseudocapacitors have a high potential for practical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-153
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume259
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Cycling stability
  • Graphene
  • Nanocomposite
  • Pseudocapacitor

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