High efficiency microwave digestion purification of multi-walled carbon nanotubes synthesized by thermal chemical vapor deposition

Chieng Ming Chen*, Mi Chen, Yong Wang Peng, Hung Wei Yu, Chia Fu Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) synthesized by thermal chemical vapor deposition (Thermal CVD) have been successfully purified by high efficient microwave digestion purification method. In this paper, microwave digestion method was introduced to purify carbon nanotubes, because that acid can absorb microwave energy rapidly and dissolve metal efficiently in this method. MWCNTs were placed in 100 ml TFM (thermally resistant form of Teflon) vessels with 50 ml 5 M nitric acid. First, the temperature ramped up to 210 °C in 30 min and then kept for 10, 20, 30 to 120 min to digest the catalyst. The efficiency of this method was analyzed by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and the results showed that the catalyst content dropped from 10.39% to 1.75% only in 10-min digestion and 1.03% for 120-min treatment. Raman spectroscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) were applied to analyze the property and structure of raw and purified MWCNTs. This study presents a highly efficient and non-destructive purification method for high purity MWCNTs which can be provided in many applications or intrinsic property studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-205
Number of pages4
JournalThin Solid Films
Volume498
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2006
EventProceedings of the Third Asian Conference on Chemical Vapor Deposition (Third Asian-CVD), Third Asian CVD -
Duration: 12 Nov 200414 Nov 2004

Keywords

  • High purity
  • Microwave digestion
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotubes
  • Purification

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'High efficiency microwave digestion purification of multi-walled carbon nanotubes synthesized by thermal chemical vapor deposition'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this