This article presents a chip-scale package (CSP) with conformal and uniform structures for white light-emitting diodes used in lighting and backlight unit (BLU) applications. The CSP structures produce higher light extraction efficiency and lower assembly-dependent packaging compared with conventional surface-mounted devices (SMDs). Simulation results show that compared with SMDs, the luminous efficiency of CSP structures is 8.81% higher in lighting applications and 9.43% higher in BLU applications. This is likely due to light loss in the light bowl of the SMDs. Moreover, CSPs with a conformal phosphor structure exhibit low assembly dependence and redundancy, and rb-CSPs with a conformal structure are a more effective light source in both lighting and BLU applications.
- backlight unit
- light-emitting diode