Heat shock proteins in canine transmissible venereal tumor

R. M. Chu*, T. J. Sun, H. Y. Yang, D. G. Wang, Kuang-Wen Liao, T. F. Chuang, C. H. Lin, W. C. Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


SDS-PAGE, Western blot analysis and immunohistochemical staining were used to detect heat shock proteins (HSPs) 60, 70 and 90 in canine transmissible venereal tumor (CTVT). Tissues tested for HSPs included: (1) tissues from different growth phases of CTVT tumors artificially induced in dogs; (2) tissues from other canine tumors; (3) normal dog tissues. Our results indicate that HSP 60 was consistently higher in CTVT cells in regressing phase than those in progressing phase. However, no detectable antibody response specific to the tested HSPs was found in the sera from CTVT-laden dogs in different growth phases. Although levels of the HSPs were all detectable in CTVT cells, only 60 and 70 were higher in CTVT cells than in normal tissues. In addition, none of the HSPs were detected in cells from five other canine tumors. These data suggest that canine HSP 60 and 70 are potential markers for CTVT and HSP 60 is appear to be involved in CTVT regression. PCR was used to confirm the existence of CTVT cells using primers designed to cover the sequence between the 5′ end of c-]myc near the first exon and the 3′ end outside the LINE gene. Only CTVT samples were positive for this sequence; samples from other tumors and normal tissues were negative. The sequenced PCR products indicated that CTVT from Taiwan and other countries exhibited over 98% sequence homology. This reconfirms that, worldwide, all CTVT cells are very similar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-21
Number of pages13
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 28 Sep 2001


  • Dog
  • Heat shock proteins
  • LINE gene
  • PCR
  • Transmissible venereal tumor

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