Growth of CaTiO3 dendrites and rectangular prisms through a wet chemical method

Yi Jen Huang, Hsin-Tien Chiu, Chi Young Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Dendrites and rectangular prisms of orthorhombic CaTiO3 were synthesized massively by reacting titanium tetraisopropoxide with Ca(OH) 2 in basic solutions at 120 °C. Dendrites were formed in dilute base solution with moderate stirring while rectangular prisms were formed in concentrated base solution or with vigorous stirring. The 3-D hierarchical dendrites are constructed by a main branch, from which two side branches grow 48° to the trunk. The growth directions of the branches were identified to be {102} and {012). On the other hand, the CaTiO3 rectangular prisms have {110}, and {001} facets and a longitudinal direction along the normal vector of the {001} planes. The formation of the two distinct morphologies results from different growth behavior. Under non-equilibrium conditions, interface kinetics markedly affects the reaction, resulting from pressure field, heat flow, and crystal orientation, which leads to the formation of complex morphology dendrite. Under equilibrium conditions, thermodynamics dominates the reaction, resulting in exposing of the most stable plane, which leads to the formation of rectangular prisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1904-1909
Number of pages6
Issue number9
StatePublished - 22 Oct 2009

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