Graphite Supported Stainless-Steel Electrode for the Degradation of Azo Dye Orange G by Fenton Reactions: Effect of Photo-Irradiation

Ching Fang Liu, C. P. Huang*, Yaju Juang, Chi Chang Hu, Ch-Hpin Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

An electrode, stainless steel supported on graphite, was used for the degradation of hazardous organic compounds, azo dye Orange G (OG), using the photoelectro- Fenton (PEF) process. Results showed that the applied current controlled the electrogeneration rate of both ferrous ion and hydrogen peroxide, which in turn affected the dye degradation kinetics. At an applied current density of 45 μA cm-2, the SS-graphite electrode yielded a molar [H2O2]/[Fe2+] ratio of 3.6, which was optimal for dye degradation. Under otherwise identical conditions, UV irradiation significantly enhanced OG degradation, i.e., PEF is more effective than electro-Fenton (EF) process. At the optimal applied current density of 45 μA cm-2, or optimal molar [H2O2]/[Fe2+] of 3.6, OG decolorization and total organic carbon removal were 83% (in 3 h) and 55% (in 7 h), versus 75% (in 3 h) and 20% (in 7 h) by PEF and EF, respectively. OG degradation by both PEF and EF processes followed the pseudo first-order kinetics, which suggested the major role of OH radical in OG decolorization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04018133
JournalJournal of Environmental Engineering (United States)
Volume145
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Decolorization
  • Graphite
  • Orange G
  • Photo-electro-Fenton (FEF)
  • Stainless steel
  • Steady-state approximation

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