Grain growth in (Ca1-x,Mgx)Zr4(PO4)6 ceramics

Dean-Mo Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Grain growth in (Ca1-x,Mgx)Zr4(PO4)6 (CMZP) ceramics in the final stage of sintering has been investigated. The grain growth in CMZP ceramics obeys the isothermal grain-growth kinetics with time exponent, n, lying between 1.8 and 2.4 which depends on magnesium content, indicative of a change in grain-growth rate. The time exponent for the grain growth of CMZP can be taken as 2.0 which implies that a normal grain growth develops in the CMZP ceramics. The apparent activation energy for grain growth demonstrates a maximum at x = 0.0 and a minimum at x = 0.1, with 103.2 and 39.4 kcal mol-1, respectively, indicating that a small amount of magnesium promotes grain-boundary migration. The critical grain size for initiating microcracks in the CMZP increases with increasing magnesium and reaches 9-12 Μm when x = 0.4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6353-6356
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number23
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1993

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