Copper contacts and interconnects were developed for GaAs and Ge for low-cost solar cell application. In addition, thermally annealed Pd/Ge and Pt/Ti/Pt metallizations were created for ohmic contacts to n-GaAs and p-Ge with contact resistance of 4.4 × 10-6 and 6.9 × 10-6 Ω cm2, respectively. Utilizing such metallization structure for InGaP/InGaAs/Ge triple-junction device structure solar cells were fabricated that delivered conversion efficiency of 23.11%, which is average efficiency for the above device structure.
- copper metallization
- III-V concentrator solar cell
- low cost.
- ohmic contact