Gene expression profiling of tumor-associated macrophages after exposure to single-dose irradiation

Wei-Hsiang Kung, Ching-Fang Yu, Andy Chi-Lung Lee, Chi-Dung Yang, Yu-Chen Liu, Fang-Hsin Chen, Hsien-Da Huang

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Radiotherapy (RT) is a common cancer treatment approach that accounts for nearly 50% of patient treatment; however, tumor relapse after radiotherapy is still a major issue. To study the crucial role of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in the regulation of tumor progression post-RT, microarray experiments comparing TAM gene expression profiles between unirradiated and irradiated tumors were conducted to discover possible roles of TAMs in initiation or contribution to tumor recurrence following RT, taking into account the relationships among gene expression, tumor microenvironment, and immunology. A single dose of 25 Gy was given to TRAMP C-1 prostate tumors established in C57/B6 mice. CD11b-positive macrophages were extracted from the tumors at one, two and three weeks post-RT. Gene ontology (GO) term analysis using the DAVID database revealed that genes that were differentially expressed at one and two weeks after irradiation were associated with biological processes such as morphogenesis of a branching structure, tube development, and cell proliferation. Analysis using Short Time-Series Expression Miner (STEM) revealed the temporal gene expression profiles and identified 13 significant patterns in four main groups of profiles. The genes in the upregulated temporal profile have diverse functions involved in the intracellular signaling cascade, cell proliferation, and cytokinemediated signaling pathway. We show that tumor irradiation with a single 25-Gy dose can initiate a time series of differentially expressed genes in TAMs, which are associated with the immune response, DNA repair, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. Our study helps to improve our understanding of the function of the group of genes whose expression changes temporally in an irradiated tumor microenvironment. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-146
Number of pages9
JournalComputational Biology and Chemistry
StatePublished - Aug 2017


  • Tumor-associated macrophages; Tumor microenvironment; Microarray; Temporal gene expression

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