Game-theoretic approach to self-stabilizing distributed formation of minimal multi-dominating sets

Li-Hsing Yen*, Zong Long Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


Dominating set is a subset of nodes called dominators in a graph such that every non-dominator nodes (called dominatee) is adjacent to at least one dominator. This paper considers a more general multi-dominating problem where each node i, dominator or dominatee, is required to have at least k i neighboring dominators, and different node can have different k i value. We first propose a game design toward this problem. This game is self-stabilizing (i.e., it always ends up with a legitimate state regardless of its initial configuration). The obtained result is guaranteed minimal (i.e., it contains no proper subset that is also a multi-dominating set) and Pareto optimal (we cannot increase the payoff of some player without sacrificing the payoff of any other). We then point out challenges when turning the design into a distributed algorithm using guarded commands. We present an algorithm that is proved weakly stabilizing. Simulation results show that the proposed game and algorithm produce smaller dominating sets, k-dominating sets, and multi-dominating sets in various network topologies when compared with prior approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6714459
Pages (from-to)3201-3210
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2014


  • Distributed algorithm
  • Dominating set
  • Game theory
  • Self-stabilization

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