Fundamentals of Electromigration

King Ning Tu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

13 Scopus citations


An ordinary household extension cord conducts electricity without electromigration in the cord because the electric current density in the cord is low, about 102 A/cm2, and also the ambient temperature is too low for atomic diffusion to occur in copper.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringer Series in Materials Science
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages33
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2007

Publication series

NameSpringer Series in Materials Science
ISSN (Print)0933-033X
ISSN (Electronic)2196-2812


  • Back Stress
  • Critical Length
  • Solder Bump
  • Solder Joint
  • Void Formation

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