Free-standing Au inverse opals for enhanced glucose sensing

Chen Hong Liao, Yu Chi Hsieh, Bo Han Huang, Chia Hao Pai, Pu-Wei Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


We successfully fabricate free-standing gold inverse opals (GIO) with a highly ordered porous structure, adjustable pore size, and large geometric size (2.5 × 2.5 cm2). The process involves a vertical electrophoresis to assemble polystyrene (PS) microspheres in a closed-packed form, followed by backfilling of Ni and Au into the interstitial voids among the PS microspheres. Subsequently, the PS microspheres and Ni are removed to render free-standing GIO samples with pore size of 300, 405, and 600 nm, respectively. The free-standing GIO structures reveal a hexagonally-arranged pores with impressive mechanical strength and flexibility. Diffraction patterns from the X-ray diffractometer indicate a strong preferred orientation in the (111) plane. Cyclic voltammetric scans show excessive electrochemical surface area for the GIO samples as compared to that of planar Au in identical footprint. In glucose oxidation, the GIO structures demonstrate apparent current densities that are ten times larger over planar Au. Among the GIO structures, the sample with 300 nm pore size demonstrates the highest specific activity and the largest Ia/Ic value. We believe that the relatively smaller 300 nm pores facilitate the confinement of byproduct intermediates, and thus results in more effective oxidation of glucose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-460
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
StatePublished - 5 Nov 2016


  • Au
  • Glucose oxidation
  • Inverse opals
  • Polystyrene microspheres

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