Formation of self-aligned TiSi2 p+-n junctions by implanting BF2+ ions through thin Ti or SiO2 film on Si substrate rapid thermal annealing

M. H. Juang*, Huang-Chung Cheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


High-quality Ti silicided p+-n junctions have been fabricated by implanting BF2+ ions through α-Si/Ti films on an Si substrate (ITM), with subsequent rapid thermal processing. A leakage current density of about 4 nA cm-2, a forward ideality factor greater than 1.02 and a reverse breakdown voltage above 80 V were achieved for the specimens annealed at 800°C for 30 s. For comparison, junctions were also formed by directly implanting BF2+ ions into Si substrates, with the following depositions of α-Si/Ti films and silicidation/activation (ISA). Various implant and anneal conditions were studied to clarify their effects on fabricating junctions by the ISA and ITM schemes. Adequate anneal conditions must be used to vary the dopant activation, damage annihilation and Ti penetration into the junction regions so as to optimize the junctions formed by the respective schemes. In particular, ITM yielded a much higher breakdown voltage than ISA, due to a smoother TiSi2/Si interface. It is shown, for the first time, that the silicide/Si interface is mainly responsible for the diode characteristics at high reverse bias.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1529-1534
Number of pages6
JournalSolid State Electronics
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1992

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