Femtosecond (fs) laser trapping of dielectric nanoparticles displays a unique trapping and directional ejection phenomenon, which is never observed in continuous-wave (cw) laser trapping. We studied the fs laser trapping and considered its dynamics and mechanism in terms of gathering, association, and ejection of nanoparticles. By tuning solution viscosity through adding ethylene glycol, the trapping behavior by fs and cw lasers are examined and compared with each other. The viscous solution slows down the diffusional and rotational movement of nanoparticles and increases the chance of nanoparticle assembly in the trapping site, which eventually leads to the novel ejection. We took advantage of fluorescence measurement to confirm the formation of the nanoparticle assembly during fs laser trapping. A red emission irregularly appeared in the fluorescence spectra, which strongly supports the transient assembly formation in the molecular level.
- HYDROPHOBIC INTERACTION
- DIELECTRIC SPHERE