Forced coplanarity of dithienofluorene-based non-fullerene acceptors to achieve high-efficiency organic solar cells

Fong Yi Cao, Po Kai Huang, Yen Chen Su, Wen Chia Huang, Shao Ling Chang, Kai En Hung, Yen Ju Cheng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ladder-type structures have been the key element for high performance non-fullerene acceptors (NFAs). In this work, two dithieno[3,2-b:6,7-b′]fluorine (DTF)-based nonfullerene acceptors, non-bridged DTFT5-FIC and carbon-bridged DTFT9-FIC, with an identical conjugated backbone were designed and synthesized for investigation of the planarization effect. The chemical rigidification with forced coplanarity indeed plays a pivotal role in determining the molecular properties. Compared to the non-bridged open-chain DTFT5-FIC counterpart, the nonacyclic ladder-type DTFT9-FIC with a fully planarized backbone exhibits higher thermal stability, bathochromic absorption and higher electron mobility. The devices using PBDB-T as the p-type polymer and fully planar DTFT9-FIC as the acceptor showed a high efficiency of 9.58%, which is superior to that of the device using the partially planar DTFT5-FIC material (5.45%). By incorporating PC71BM as the second acceptor to enhance the absorption at shorter wavelengths, optimize the morphology and facilitate electron transport, the ternary-blend device using PBDB-T:DTFT9-FIC:PC71BM achieved the highest PCE of 11.82% with a Voc of 0.88 V, a higher Jsc of 20.59 mA cm-2, and an FF of 65.27%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17947-17953
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume7
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

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