Fluorescence intrinsic characterization of excitation-emission matrix using multi-dimensional ensemble empirical mode decomposition

Chi Ying Chang, Chia Chi Chang, Tzu-Chien Hsiao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy is a noninvasive method for tissue diagnosis and has become important in clinical use. However, the intrinsic characterization of EEM fluorescence remains unclear. Photobleaching and the complexity of the chemical compounds make it difficult to distinguish individual compounds due to overlapping features. Conventional studies use principal component analysis (PCA) for EEM fluorescence analysis, and the relationship between the EEM features extracted by PCA and diseases has been examined. The spectral features of different tissue constituents are not fully separable or clearly defined. Recently, a non-stationary method called multi-dimensional ensemble empirical mode decomposition (MEEMD) was introduced; this method can extract the intrinsic oscillations on multiple spatial scales without loss of information. The aim of this study was to propose a fluorescence spectroscopy system for EEM measurements and to describe a method for extracting the intrinsic characteristics of EEM by MEEMD. The results indicate that, although PCA provides the principal factor for the spectral features associated with chemical compounds, MEEMD can provide additional intrinsic features with more reliable mapping of the chemical compounds. MEEMD has the potential to extract intrinsic fluorescence features and improve the detection of biochemical changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22436-22448
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Excitation-emission matrix (EEM)
  • Multi-dimensional ensemble empirical mode decomposition (MEEMD)

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