Fast scoring for PLDA with uncertainty propagation via i-vector grouping

Wei wei Lin, Man Wai Mak*, Jen-Tzung Chien

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The i-vector/PLDA framework has gained huge popularity in text-independent speaker verification. This approach, however, lacks the ability to represent the reliability of i-vectors. As a result, the framework performs poorly when presented with utterances of arbitrary duration. To address this problem, a method called uncertainty propagation (UP) was proposed to explicitly model the reliability of an i-vector by an utterance-dependent loading matrix. However, the utterance-dependent matrix greatly complicates the evaluation of likelihood scores. As a result, PLDA with UP, or PLDA-UP in short, is far more computational intensive than the conventional PLDA. In this paper, we propose to group i-vectors with similar reliability, and for each group the utterance-dependent loading matrices are replaced by a representative one. This arrangement allows us to pre-compute a set of representative matrices that cover all possible i-vectors, thereby greatly reducing the computational cost of PLDA-UP while preserving its ability in discriminating the reliability of i-vectors. Experiments on NIST 2012 SRE show that the proposed method can perform as good as the PLDA with UP while the scoring time is only 3.18% of it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)503-515
Number of pages13
JournalComputer Speech and Language
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2017


  • Duration mismatch
  • Speaker verification
  • Uncertainty Propagation
  • i-Vector/PLDA

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