Facile synthesis of mesoporous NiFe 2 O 4 /CNTs nanocomposite cathode material for high performance asymmetric pseudocapacitors

Nagesh Kumar, Amit Kumar, Guan Min Huang, Wen-Wei Wu, Tseung-Yuen Tseng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Morphology and synergistic effect of constituents are the two very important factors that greatly influence the physical, chemical and electrochemical properties of a composite material. In the present work, we report the enhanced electrochemical performance of mesoporous NiFe 2 O 4 and multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) nanocomposites synthesized via hexamethylene tetramine (HMT) assisted one-pot hydrothermal approach. The synthesized cubic phase spinel NiFe 2 O 4 nanomaterial possesses high specific surface area (148 m 2 g −1 ) with narrow mesopore size distribution. The effect of MWCNTs addition on the electrochemical performance of nanocomposite has been probed thoroughly in a normal three electrode configuration using 2 M KOH electrolyte at room temperature. Experimental results show that the addition of mere 5 mg MWCNTs into fixed NiFe 2 O 4 precursors amount enhances the specific capacitance up to 1291 F g −1 at 1 A g −1 , which is the highest reported value for NiFe 2 O 4 nanocomposites so far. NiFe 2 O 4 /CNT nanocomposite exhibits small relaxation time constant (1.5 ms), good rate capability and capacitance retention of 81% over 500 charge-discharge cycles. This excellent performance can be assigned to high surface area, mesoporous structure of NiFe 2 O 4 and conducting network formed by MWCNTs in the composite. Further, to evaluate the device performance of the composite, an asymmetric pseudocapacitor has been designed using NiFe 2 O 4 /CNT nanocomposite as a positive and N-doped graphene as a negative electrode material, respectively. Our designed asymmetric pseudocapacitor gives maximum energy density of 23 W h kg −1 at power density of 872 W kg −1 . These promising results assert the potential of synthesized nanocomposite in the development of efficient practical high-capacitive energy storage devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1100-1112
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume433
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Asymmetric supercapacitor
  • Mesoporous
  • MWCNTs
  • NiFe O
  • Pseudocapacitor

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