Vertical ZnO nanowires were successfully grown on epitaxial ZnO (002) buffer layer/Si (100) substrate. The nanowire growth process was controlled by surface morphology and orientation of the epitaxial ZnO buffer layer, which was deposited by radio-frequency (rf) sputtering. The copper catalyzed the vapor-liquid-solid growth of ZnO nanowires with diameter of ∼30 nm and length of ∼5.0 μm. The perfect wurtzite epitaxial structure (HCP structure) of the ZnO (0002) nanowires synthesized on ZnO (002) buffer layer/Si (100) substrate results in excellent optical characteristics such as strong UV emission at 380 nm with potential use in nano-optical and nano-electronic devices.
- Transmission Electron Microscopy
- Vapor-Liquid-Solid Growth
- X-ray Diffraction