The authors present a simple double patterning technique with I-line stepper to define nanoscale structures and have successfully fabricated n -channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) with sub-100-nm gate length. With this approach, polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) gate with linewidth down to 80 nm could be formed with good control, which far exceeds the resolution limit of conventional I-line lithography. Moreover, ineffectiveness of end point detection in the second poly-Si gate definition is also addressed. For reliable process control in the second etching step, appropriate mask design is found to be essential. Finally, sub-100-nm MOSFETs with or without halo implemented symmetrically or asymmetrically are fabricated and characterized.
|Journal||Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B:Nanotechnology and Microelectronics|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2011|