We experimentally study the breakups of a ferrofluid drop passing through a narrow passage under the attraction of an external field. After passing through the orifice, the fluid thread starts to neck down significantly and eventually breaks to form new droplets. The dynamics of the ferrofluid breakup are analyzed parametrically, including the diameter of the orifice and the local field strength. The patterns of fluid breakups can be characterized by two measurements of the breaking droplets, such as their sizes and stretching lengths. These two characteristic measurements mainly depend on the diameter of the orifice. Breaking droplets with less stretching and smaller sizes are resulted from a narrower orifice. On the other hand, the number of total breaking droplets that represents the transport effectiveness of ferrofluids significantly depends on both the diameter of the orifice and the local field strength. While a stronger field generates more breaking droplets, a maximum number of breaking droplets occurs at an intermediate orifice's diameter.
- Drop breakup
- Surface tension