Airborne ultrafine nanoparticle (UFNP) is a key factor causing heavy haze pollution in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, which is very harmful to human health and the environment. Removal of environmental UFNPs by porous material is an important method of air purification treatment. However, the specific mechanism by which porous material filters UFNPs is not clear. In this study, UFNPs with 2–10 nm diameter were removed by SBA-15 mesoporous silica molecular sieves with different pore sizes, and the filtration mechanism was analyzed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), specific surface area tests (BET), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The analyses showed a distinctive filtration of UFNPs over the interior mesopore channels. The removal efficiencies of SBA-15 with different pore sizes were also compared, demonstrating the influence of the pore size and structure on most penetrating particle size (MPPS). The UFNP filtration efficiency of SBA-15 increased with the increase of pore size. Moreover, SBA-15-14.6 could effectively purify UFNPs, and it had the highest fractional diffusive filtration efficiency of 98.79% and a total efficiency of 92.58% for UFNPs. This study provides a technical basis for the filtration of UFNPs using mesoporous materials.
- Mesoporous silica
- Ultrafine nanoparticles