Experimental investigation of the effect of nozzle throat diameter on the performance of a hybrid rocket motor with swirling injection of high-concentration hydrogen peroxide

S. S. Wei, M. C. Lee, Y. H. Chien, T. H. Chou, Jong-Shinn Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

One of the issues of using a normal graphite nozzle for the hybrid rocket propulsion is the serious throat erosion due to combustion with a higher O/F ratio. This may undermine the throttling capability of the hybrid rocket engine. In this study, we would like to address how the propulsion performance changes under the conditions of different nozzle throat diameters and O/F ratios. We designed and tested a 40-kgf class single-port hybrid rocket motor with the swirling injection of oxidizer, which utilizes the 90 wt% hydrogen peroxide and polypropylene (PP) as oxidizer and fuel, respectively. Three different diameters of graphite nozzle throat (10, 11, and 12 mm) were used to approximate various conditions of nozzle erosion, while the mass flow rates of the injected oxidizer were kept the same. The hot-fire test results indicated that the thrust was nearly the same even the nozzle throat diameters and O/F ratios were different. Especially, the discrepancies among the measured thrusts and oxidizer ISP under various test conditions were found to be less than 1%, which is highly beneficial for the purpose of the thrust control using mass flow rate control of the oxidizer for a hybrid rocket engine with swirling injection of high-concentration hydrogen peroxide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-344
Number of pages11
JournalActa Astronautica
Volume164
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019

Keywords

  • Erosion
  • Hybrid rocket
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Polypropylene
  • Swirling injection
  • Thrust control

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