Exceptionally low thermal conductivity of poly(3-hexylthiophene) single nanowires

Yi Jung Lee, Kai Sheng Jeng, Jiun-Tai Chen*, Kien-Wen Sun

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electrical and thermal conductivity measurements were conducted by using microfabricated four-point probe and T-type nanosensors in a vacuum on poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) single nanowires prepared by the whisker method. The nanowires had a cross-section of only 5 nm × 15 nm and a length of 0.5-10 μm. The electrical conductance of nanowires was 3.3 × 10-7 1/Ω and remained stable even after exposing the wires to ambient conditions for a few days. The thermal conductivity of a nanowire was 0.055 ± 0.003 W m-1 K-1 which was approximately an order of magnitude lower than other previously reported P3HT single nanowires with a diameter of 120 nm and embedded in anodic aluminum oxide matrix. This thermal conductivity was also approximately four times smaller than that of P3HT amorphous thin films (∼0.2 W m-1 K-1). The exceptionally low thermal conductivity was attributed to increased interface-phonon scattering because heat propagation was confined to an extreme narrow spatial dimension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90847-90851
Number of pages5
JournalRSC Advances
Volume5
Issue number110
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Oct 2015

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