Evaluating critical rainfall conditions for large-scale landslides by detecting event times from seismic records

Hsien Li Kuo, Guan Wei Lin*, Chi Wen Chen, Hitoshi Saito, Ching Weei Lin, Hongey Chen, Wei-An Chao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

One purpose of landslide research is to establish early warning thresholds for rainfall-induced landslides. Insufficient observations of past events have inhibited the analysis of critical rainfall conditions triggering landslides. This difficulty may be resolved by extracting the timing of landslide occurrences through analysis of seismic signals. In this study, seismic records of the Broadband Array in Taiwan for Seismology were examined to identify ground motion triggered by large landslides that occurred in the years 2005 to 2014. A total of 62 landslide-induced seismic signals were identified. The seismic signals were analyzed to determine the timing of landslide occurrences, and the rainfall conditions at those times-including rainfall intensity (I), duration (D), and effective rainfall (Rt)-were assessed. Three common rainfall threshold models (I-D, I-Rt, and Rt-D) were compared, and the crucial factors of a forecast warning model were found to be duration and effective rainfall. In addition, rainfall information related to the 62 landslides was analyzed to establish a critical height of water model, (I-1.5) .D = 430.2. The critical height of water model was applied to data from Typhoon Soudelor of 2015, and the model issued a large landslide warning for southern Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2877-2891
Number of pages15
JournalNatural Hazards and Earth System Sciences
Volume18
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Nov 2018

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