Estimation of marine gravity anomaly model from satellite altimetry data (Case Study: Kalimantan and Sulawesi Waters-Indonesia)

P. Hartanto, S. Huda, W. Putra, E. D. Variandy, B. Triarahmadhana, D. Pangastuti, A. M. Pahlevi, Chein-way Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Nowadays satellite altimetry has become an advanced instrument to observe many natural physical phenomena, such as sea-level rise, ocean circulation, water mass changes, and marine gravity anomaly. The use of satellite altimetry data to compute marine gravity anomaly provides good results and costs relatively low. Those advantages make geodesists utilize this method as an alternative in geoid determination, especially over the seas. Several sets of satellite altimetry data from Cryosat 2, Jason 1 phase C, Geosat and ERS1 were used to compute gravity anomaly over the surrounding waters of Kalimantan and Sulawesi Island in Indonesia. The study area spans between -7°-7° N and 108°-127° E with a spatial resolution of 1'x1'. In the pre-processing step, the altimetry data especially Geosat and ERS1, were retracked to reduce errors due to the land influence. The main computation step was done by using two different methods, least square collocation (LSC) and Inverse Vening-Meinesz (IVM). The computed gravity anomaly models then assessed with the in-situ marine gravity data from the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC). The best model in term of RMS error is the 10 km Gaussian filtered LSC with an RMS error of 15.042 mgal. The least accurate model is the non-filtered IVM with an RMS of 16.704 mgal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012038
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - 6 Jul 2018
Event1st International Conference on Maritime Sciences and Advanced Technology: Ocean Science and Technology Toward a Global Maritime Axis, MSAT 2017 - Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 3 Aug 20175 Aug 2017

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