An electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection design for smart power applications with lateral double-diffused MOS (LDMOS) transistors is investigated. With the gate-driven and substrate-triggered circuit techniques, the n-channel LDMOS can be quickly turned on to protect the output drivers during an ESD stress event. The proposed gate-driven and substrate-triggered ESD protection circuits have been successfully verified in a 0.35-μm 5 V/40 V bipolar CMOS DMOS (BCD) process, which can sustain ESD voltages of 4 kV in human-body-model (HBM) and 275 V in machine-model (MM) ESD tests. In addition, the power-rail ESD protection design can also be achieved with a stacked structure to protect 40-V power pins without a latchup issue in the smart power integrated circuits.
- Bipolar CMOS DMOS (BCD) process
- ESD protection
- electrostatic discharge (ESD)