Epitaxial Growth of ZnGa2O4: A New, Deep Ultraviolet Semiconductor Candidate

Ray-Hua Horng*, Chiung Yi Huang, Sin Liang Ou, Tzu Kuang Juang, Po Liang Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

ZnGaO films were grown on c-plane sapphire substrates by metal organic chemical vapor deposition using diethylzinc (DEZn), triethylgallium (TEGa), and oxygen. The flow rate of DEZn was 10-60 sccm, and those of TEGa and oxygen were held constant. The ZnGaO film prepared at a DEZn flow rate of 10 sccm adopted a (201)-oriented single-crystalline β-Ga2O3 phase, whereas those prepared at 30-60 sccm exhibited a (111)-oriented single-crystalline ZnGa2O4 phase. On the basis of Hall measurements, ZnGaO films (10 sccm DEZn) possessed very poor electrical properties, which were similar to those of β-Ga2O3. On the other hand, the carrier concentration in ZnGaO films increased from 1.94 × 1014 to 6.72 × 1016 cm-3, and the resistivity decreased from 5730 to 67.9 ω-cm when increasing the DEZn flow rate from 30 to 60 sccm. According to compositional analyses, the improved electrical properties of ZnGaO films upon increasing DEZn flow rate from 30 to 40 sccm are due to the increasing Zn content, and the enhancement from 50 to 60 sccm could be due to increased C content. Cathodoluminescence results also confirm the ZnGa2O4 structure for ZnGaO films prepared at DEZn flow rates of 30-60 sccm and reveal their use for ultraviolet applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6071-6078
Number of pages8
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2017

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