Pt nanopillar-array 3D electrodes with nanopillar length of 150, 450 and 900 nm and nanopillar density of ~109 cm−2 were fabricated. Their catalytic activity for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) was evaluated by linear sweep voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. In comparison with straightly electrodeposited black Pt film and forged Pt sheet electrodes, the HER current density has been significantly improved by the nanopillar-array architecture. The overpotential of HER at current density of 10 mA cm-2 at 26 °C is as low as 78 mV, lower than the black Pt film of 107 mV and the Pt sheet of 174 mV. The improvement of HER is ascribed to the low charge transfer resistance of the 3D electrode and the high desorption capability of hydrogen bubbles at the nanotips. Interestingly, the nanopillar-array 3D electrode has an optimal nanopillar length for HER. The mechanisms for the optimal nanopillar length were investigated here.
- 3D electrode
- Hydrogen evolution