Enhanced wavelength-selective photoresponsivity with a MoS 2 bilayer grown conformally on a patterned sapphire substrate

Sung Wen Huang Chen, Sheng Wen Wang, Kuo Bin Hong, Henry Medin, Chieh Han Chung, Chun Chia Wu, Teng Yu Su, Fang I. Lai, Po-Tsung Lee, Shou Yi Kuo*, Hao-Chung Kuo, Yu Lun Chueh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present study, novel MoS 2 bilayers with 3D structures were considered for their application as wavelength-sensitive photodetectors. Using e-gun deposition and a CVD process, MoS 2 bilayers can be grown conformally on a patterned (cones or pyramids) sapphire substrate without any wrinkles on the 2D film. After the sulfurization process, the MoS 2 bilayer is subjected to a local strain in the patterns and its band gap gets enlarged due to the strain. This phenomenon is beneficial for photo-devices to enable the collection of the photocurrent. Measurements revealed a broadband enhancement of the MoS 2 -based photodetector with a patterned array in terms of both absorption and photocurrent. It is noteworthy that a cone-patterned sapphire substrate (CPSS) is able to generate more photocurrent when illuminated under blue light illumination, whereas the pyramid-patterned sapphire substrate (PPSS) performs best under green and red light illumination. Simulations of the electric field distributions for MoS 2 coatings on different substrates, based on 3D models, revealed that the sensitivity of the MoS 2 -based photodetector can be greatly enhanced by the light-scattering effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1622-1629
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

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