Enhanced photovoltaic performance of dye-sensitized solar cells by the adsorption of Zn-porphyrin dye molecule on TiO2 surfaces

Yanming Lin*, Chao Yuan Zhu, Zhenyi Jiang, Yali Zhao, Qi Wang, Ruiqin Zhang, Sheng Hsien Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The electronic structure, optical absorption and charge transfer performances of Zn-porphyrin (ZnPP)dye molecule adsorbed on anatase (101)and rutile (110)TiO2 surfaces have been investigated systematically using spin-polarized density functional theory calculations. The calculated results indicate that the strong interactions of ZnPP dye molecule and TiO2 surfaces cause an obvious variation of the conduction band minimum and valence band maximum for ZnPP dye molecule adsorbed on TiO2 surfaces, and the valence band of adsorption systems has a large bandwidth compared with that of the TiO2 bulk and surfaces, which induces a red-shift of the optical absorption edge and improves greatly the optical absorption of adsorption systems in the ultraviolet and visible light regions. Moreover, the change of charge density indicates that the photoelectrons transfer from the ZnPP dye molecule to TiO2 across the interface, and a built-in electric field is formed at the interface, which effectively enhances the separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs. These results suggest that the sensitized actions of ZnPP dye molecule on TiO2 surfaces can generate an excellent photovoltaic performance of TiO2 photoanode in DSSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-44
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume794
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Density functional theory
  • Dye-sensitized solar cells
  • TiO surfaces
  • Zn-porphyrin

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