Enhanced grain growth of phosphorus-doped polycrystalline silicon by titanium silicide formation

T. C. Chou*, C. Y. Wong, King-Ning Tu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The influence of silicide reaction on the grain growth behavior of phosphorus-doped polycrystalline silicon has been studied. Intrinsic and phosphorus-doped polycrystalline silicon, with and without evaporated titanium overlayer, were prepared by low pressure chemical vapor deposition on thermally grown SiO2 on silicon wafer. These samples were then annealed in He ambient at 700°C for various time. The Rutherford backscattering spectrum showed that TiSi2 formed completely after 30 min anneal. Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy showed that Kirkendall voids exist at the interface between TiSi2 and polycrystalline silicon, indicating that silicon is the predominant diffusing species. Enhanced grain growth as a result of silicide reaction was observed in phosphorus-doped polycrystalline silicon. The enhanced grain growth of polycrystalline silicon is suggested to be due to the redistribution of dopant, analogous to the alloying and dealloying processes in diffusion induced grain boundary migration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1381-1383
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number20
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1986

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