Empirical performance of the constant elasticity variance option pricing model

Ren Raw Chen, Cheng Few Lee, Han Hsing Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

In this chapter, we empirically test the Constant-Elasticity-of-variance (CEV) option pricing model by Cox (1975, 1996) and Cox and Ross (1976), and compare the performances of the CEV and alternative option pricing models, mainly the stochastic volatility model, in terms of European option pricing and cost-accuracy-based analysis of their numerical procedures. In European-style option pricing, we have tested the empirical pricing performance of the CEV model and compared the results with those by Bakshi et al. (1997). The CEV model, introducing only one more parameter compared with Black-Scholes formula, improves the performance notably in all of the tests of in-sample, out-of-sample and the stability of implied volatility. Furthermore, with a much simpler model, the CEV model can still perform better than the stochastic volatility model in short-term and out-of-the-money categories. When applied to American option pricing, high-dimensional lattice models are prohibitively expensive. Our numerical experiments clearly show that the CEV model performs much better in terms of the speed of convergence to its closedform solution, while the implementation cost of the stochastic volatility model is too high and practically infeasible for empirical work. In summary, with a much less implementation cost and faster computational speed, the CEV option pricing model could be a better candidate than more complex option pricing models, especially when one wants to apply the CEV process for pricing more complicated path-dependent options or credit risk models.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Financial Econometrics, Mathematics, Statistics, and Machine Learning (In 4 Volumes)
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Co.
Pages1903-1942
Number of pages40
ISBN (Electronic)9789811202391
ISBN (Print)9789811202384
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Constant-elasticity-of-variance (CEV) process
  • Empirical performance
  • Finite difference method of the sv model
  • Numerical experiment
  • Option pricing model
  • Stochastic volatility option pricing model

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