An acetylene-linked porphyrin-perylene anhydride and an acetylene-linked porphyrin-naphthalic anhydride have been synthesized; the highly conjugated acetylenic bridge in these porpyrins efficiently mediates electronic interaction between the porphyrin and perylene units to extend the π-conjugation of the porphyrin dye and to cause both broadening and red shifts of both the Soret and Q absorption bands. This condition is a useful feature for efficient dye-sensitized solar cell applications. The optical, electrochemical and photovoltaic properties of the new linked anhydrides show that the HOMO-LUMO gap decreased upon extension of π-conjugation, indicating a strong electronic coupling between the porphyrin and the perylene or naphthalene unit.
- Dye-sensitized solar cells
- Electronic coupling